- Sharpville massacre leaves 56 dead in South Africa.
- Eddie Cochran killed in car crash.
- US spy plane is shot down over Russia.
- The laser is introduced to the public.
- America launches the USS Enterprise, the first nuclear powered aircraft carrier.
- Lady Chatterley's Lover obscenity trail begins.
- Elvis leaves the army.
- DJ Alan Freed indicted on payola charge.
- The Cavern Club drops It's jazz only policy - eventually the Beatles will emerge from this club.
- Aretha Franklin makes her first album for Columbia.
- 95% of soft drinks sold in the U.S. are furnished in reusable bottles. But in 1960 aluminium cans are used for the first time.
- Thomas S. Monaghan, borrows $500 to buy a pizza parlour in Detroit, and renames it "Domino's."
- Chubby Checker introduces The Twist at the Peppermint Lounge in New York.
- Castro nationalizes all banks and most industrial and commercial enterprises. This is Castro's communism.
- 2,000 computers are delivered in the U.S.
- The Academy award for Best Picture goes to "The Apartment."
- Bay of pigs - USA breaks off diplomatic relations.
- Contraceptive pill introduced.
- Protests in Alabama and Mississippi by Black Americans
1000 whites attack a church where Martin Luther King is preaching.
- Iraq lays claim to Kuwait - British troops sent to defend against possible attack.
- Britain applies to become member of the Common Market.
- Yuri Gagarin becomes first man in space
- Ban the bomb demonstration in Trafalgar Square ends in violence.
- UN secretary Dag Hammarskjoeld dies in air crash.
- Adolf Eichmann on trial for war crimes against Jews.
- The Berlin wall goes up.
- Frank Sinatra launches his own 'Reprise' label.
- Bob Dylan makes his debut in Gerde's Folk City.
- The Beatles sign with Brian Epstein.
- Jackie Wilson shot in New York.
- Tamla Records has first million seller - Shop Around by Smokey Robinson and The Miracles.
- Berry Gordy forms Motown label.
- IBM introduces the Selectric typewriter
- April 12: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin is the first man to travel into space, as he circles the earth in 90 minutes in the Vostok I 187 miles above the earth.
- May 5: Navy Commander Alan B. Shepard, Jr., blasts into space for a 20 minute ride "out of this world" in the Freedom 7. The space race is underway, but the U.S. is behind.
The Rolling Stones
- Nelson Mandela imprisoned for trying to organise a general strike.
- President Kennedy increases aid to Vietnam.
- Brazil wins world cup.
- Adolph Eichmann hanged in Israel.
- Martin Luther King jailed for one month for illegal march.
- Telstar TV satellite launched.
- Kennedy blockades Cuba - Krushchev backs down over Cuban missile crisis.
- Amnesty international founded.
- Soviet missile bases in Cuba destroyed.
- OAS gunmen try to assassinate De gaulle.
- Chinese troops invade India.
- Pop art makes the covers of 'Time', 'Life' and 'Newsweek'.
- Decca Records turns down The Beatles.
- Peter Paul and Mary sign for Warner Bros.
- Pete Best sacked by The Beatles.
- Rolling Stones play their first gig at the Marquee club.
- Chris Blackwell forms Island Records.
- John Glenn circles the earth 3 times in the Friendship 7.
- ABC begins broadcasting in color.
- The first K-Mart and Wal-Mart open.
- Polaroid introduces color film prints which develop in 60 seconds.
- Computer salesman H. Ross Perot forms a computer company called Electronic Data Systems (E.D.S.)
- Marilyn Monroe dies of an overdose of sleeping pills. She is 36.
- Film of the year is Too Kill A Mockingbird.
- President Kennedy federalizes Alabama's National Guard and orders Gov. George C. Wallace to allow two black students to be enrolled at the University of Alabama.
Lee Harvey Oswald
- First Kidney Transplant
- Martin Luther King marches to Washington with 200,000 people to demand equality with whites. Gives 'I have a dream' speech.
- 50,000 anti nuclear protestors march in London.
- Viet kong shoot down five US helicopters in the Mekong Delta.
- First issue of underground magazine 'Oz' comes out in Australia.
- President Kennedy sends federal troops to race riots in Southern States.
- Dr. Timothy Leary sacked from Harvard For experimenting on students with LSD.
- Black church service bombed in Birmingham, Alabama.
- President Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvy Oswald - Oswald later Killed by Jack Ruby.
- Bob Dylan appears in a BBC TV play on his first trip to England.
- Dave Mickey changes AM rock radio with a 700 word a minute delivery. Parents are shocked.
- Whiskey A-Go-Go opens on Sunset Strip.
- Beatles first recording session at Abbey Road.
- Patsy Cline killed in air crash.
- Andrew Loog Oldham signs The Rolling Stones.
- Rolling Stones are snapped up by Decca, anxious not to repeat their previous mistake of failing to sign The Beatles.
- Elmore James dies.
- Roy Orbison tours UK with The Beatles and Gerry & The Pacemakers.
- 'Fanny Hill' ruled obscene.
- Cassius Clay world heavyweight champion after defeating Sonny Liston.
- Malcolm X leaves black Muslims.
- Ronnie Biggs found guilty in 'great train robbery' trial.
- P.L.O founded in Jerusalem.
- Black riots all over USA. Martin Luther king jailed for civil rights action in Florida.
- Three civil rights workers go missing - later found dead in Mississippi, in white backlash.
- US army suffer heavy losses in South Vietnam as conflict escalates.
- South Africa banned from Olympics.
- Brezhnev ousts Khrushchev to become Russian Premier.
- Martin Luther king gets Nobel peace prize.
- Death penalty abolished in the UK.
- First Edition of Top Of The Pops, includes Rolling Stones, Dusty Springfield and Dave Clark Five.
- Beatlemania grips America as Fab Four tour the USA.
- The Beatles have twelve singles in us top 100, including the top five.
- The Rolling Stones tour US - cause hysteria on The Ed Sullivan Show.
- Sam Cook shot and killed in Los Angeles motel.
- Beach Boy Brian Wilson suffers a nervous breakdown.
- Pye Records of Britain signs The Kinks.
- Debut single by The High Numbers - soon to be The Who.
- Pirate radio's Caroline and Atlanta begin broadcasting from the North Sea. A survey shows Radio Caroline having more listeners than the BBC.
- American opinion is divided about involvement in Vietnam war. The first protestor is arrested.
- US troops go on the offensive in South Vietnam.
- Winston Churchill dies.
- Malcolm X is assassinated while speaking at The Harlem Ballroom.
- Police arrest mods and rockers in Brighton.
- Anti Vietnam demonstrations in Paris.
- US labour department refuses visas for British groups.
- The Cavern Club closes.
- Disc Jockey Alan Freed dies a pauper. He coined Phrase Rock ‘N Roll.
- Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton in The Yardbirds owing to musical differences.
- Hermans Hermits become unlikely targets for adulation in America, far outstripping their British success.
- Dave Clark Five movie opens - 'Catch Us If You Can'.
- First Berkeley Barb paper published.
- Dylan booed at The Newport Folk Festival for going electric.
- The Beatles play Shea Stadium.
- Andrew Loog Oldham forms Immediate Records.
- The Beatles are awarded MBE's.
- Dylan releases Highway 61 Revisited.
Frank Zappa &
Mother's of Invention
- Vietnam war escalates as Americans launch their biggest attack yet on Vietcong forces.
- Indira Ghandi is elected as India's Prime minister.
- England wins the world cup.
- Race riots hit New York, Chicago, and Cleveland.
- Reagan elected governor of California.
- TV Show Laugh In debuts.
- LSD declared illegal by law.
- Zappa and Mother’s of Invention release Freak Out.
- Dylan retreats to Woodstock after motorcycle accident.
- John Lennon meets Yoko Ono.
- George Harrison marries Patti Boyd.
- "The Monkees" TV show gets its first airing.
- Cliff Richard rumoured to be leaving the pop business to teach religion.
- Mia Farrow marries Frank Sinatra.
- Joan Baez arrested at anti - Vietnam demonstration.
- Cigarette advertising is banned on British TV.
- Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters take LSD.
- Indian and Pakistan dispute Kashmir. India invades Pakistan.
- Kenneth Tynan utters television's first four - letter word on BBC2.
- Christmas truce in Vietnam.
- Martin Luther King attempts march from Selma to Alabama State Capitol
- Protests continue in the US, despite civil rights bill.
- Three days of rioting in Watts LA., 18,000 national guards are needed to quell the violence.
- Hanging is abolished in UK
- The worst power failure in history blacks out Ontario and nine U.S. states, including New York. The power is out for 12 hours; nine months later, a whole lot of post-boomer babies are born.
- Six day war in the Middle East - Israel defeats Arabs.
- Death of the revolutionary Che Guevara, becomes a martyr and cult figure.
- Canada celebrates Centennial - Montreal hosts World’s Fair.
- Keith Richards busted by Drug Squad.
- 100 British Labour MP's vote to condemn US bombing in Vietnam.
- American troops attack Ho Chi Minh trail on Cambodian border.
- Manufacturers of Thalidimide go on trail in Germany.
- 400,000 protest outside UN building in New York against Vietnam War.
- Military Coup In Greece.
- Muhammed Ali loses world title by refusing the draft.
- First heart transplant performed in South Africa by Dr Christian Barnard.
- Mick Jagger and Kieth Richards jailed on drugs charges. Later Mick Jagger released on appeal.
- Brian Jones arrested for possessing drugs. Put on probation.
- Jann Werner publishes first Rolling Stone paper. It’s a single page and he delivers it from the trunk of his car.
- Race riots in Boston and Newark.
- Legalise pot rally in London’s Hyde Park - pro cannabis advertisement, signed by celebrities, placed in Times.
- Homosexuality legalized in Britain.
- 'Death of Hippie' ceremony in Haight - Ashbury.
- Janis Joplin commissions artist R. Crumb for her new LP cover - Cheap Thrills
- Founding of 'Yippies' - Youth International Party.
- Anti - Draft demonstrations in New York.
- Brian Epstein commits suicide.
- Beatles make 'Magical Mystery Tour'.
- BBC bans The Beatles A Day In The Life from Sgt Pepper.
- Warner - Reprise signs Jimi Hendrix.
- Monterey Pop Festival - Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Otis Redding, The Byrds, Jefferson Airplane, Big Brother and The Holding Company, Ravi Shankar, Mamas and Papas.
- Jimi Hendrix dropped from Monkees US tour for being too erotic.
- Mothers Of Invention play The Albert Hall.
- The Grateful Dead busted in their San Francisco mansion.
- Otis Redding killed in air crash.
- First 'Be - In' in in San Francisco, with poetry and music by Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Service and Grateful Dead.
- Free concert in Hyde Park addressed by beat poet - hippie Allen Ginsberg.
- Britain's offshore pirate radios forced to close by government.
- Robert Stigwood signs The Bee Gees.
- Elvis Presley marries Priscilla.
- Fleetwood Mac debut at The National Jazz and Blues Festival at Windsor - UK.
- Woody Guthrie dies.
- Viet Cong launch Tet Offensive against cities in South Vietnam.
- Anti Vietnam protest in Grosvenor Square, London, turns to battle with police.
- Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis.
- Enoch Powell gives his famous 'Rivers Of Blood speech in Birmingham.
- France grinds to a halt as workers strike in support of Student riots.
- Senator Robert Kennedy is shot and killed in Los Angeles.
- Astronauts from Apollo 8 circle the moon.
- TV Show 60 Minutes debuts on CBS.
- Rock FM is introduced in Canada by Doug Pringle and David Marsden.
- Eldrige Cleave shot and arrested. Escapes and disappears for seven years.
- Syd Barrett leaves Pink Floyd.
- The Beatles close their Apple boutique.
- Mick Jagger appears in film 'Performance'.
- Yardbirds evolve into Led Zeppelin.
- Cream play farewell concert at The Albert Hall.
- Graham Nash leaves The Hollies.
- Hendrix makes a heroes return to his home town, Seattle.
- The Hippie musical Hair opens on Broadway.
John Lennon &
Ho Chi Minh
- Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong become the first men to walk on the moon.
- British Troops sent to Northern Ireland as season of riots begin in Londonderry.
- US troops massacre 600 women, kids and old men at Mai Lai.
- Border Clashes between China and the USSR.
- America withdraws 25000 troops from Vietnam. Total US dead stands at 35,630
- Charles Manson and followers carry out the Sharon Tate murder.
- Police fight with anti - racist demonstrators in London.
- Student Jan Palach dies by setting fire to himself in protest against Soviet occupation in Prague.
- New York campus closes after student rioting.
- Anti - war protest in New York.
- Woodstock takes place at Max Yasgur’s farm.
- Yasser Arafat becomes leader of the PLO.
- James Earl Ray jailed for 99 years.
- De Gaulle resigns. George Pompidou elected new leader.
- Mary Jo Kopechne drowns at Chappaquiddick in Senator Edward Kennedy's car.
- Jimi Hendrix arrested in Toronto for possessing heroin.
- Ho Chi Minh dies.
- Anti Apartheid protesters hound the UK tour by the South African Springboks.
- Segregation is outlawed in the American South by US Supreme Court.
- Mick Taylor becomes new Rolling Stone.
- John Lennon sends back his MBE.
- Atlantic achieves 23 gold records in one year.
- Jim Morrison arrested in Miami for exposing himself during a Doors concert.
- Blind Faith supergroup is formed.
- Fairport Convention in M1 crash. Drummer Martin Lamble and designer Jeannie Franklin killed.
- NME starts publishing top 20 albums.
- Noel Redding leaves Jimi Hendrix.
- Neil Young joins supergroup Crosby Stills and Nash, (and start a fashion for calling group names after all the members.)
- Christine Perfect leaves Chicken Shack.
- Woodstock Festival is attended by 400,000 people.
- First Isle Of Wight festival, with Dylan and The Band, Hendrix, and The Who.
- Disaster at Rolling Stones concert at Altamont. Hell's Angels run riot and kill a member of the audience.
- Beatles make their last appearance together on the roof of Apple building.
- Bob Dylan and Johnny Cash collaborate at CBS studios in Nashville.
- John and Yoko go to bed for peace in Amsterdam and Toronto.
- The Beach Boys sue Capitol Records, claiming $2,000,000 in unpaid royalties.
- Spencer Davis Group split up.
- 'Paul is dead' rumours are rife. Many clues in pictures and lyrics are said to support claim.
- John Lennon refused visa to USA on grounds of a previous drug conviction.